Jefferson Salamander

Ambystoma jeffersonianum

Jefferson salamanderNH Conservation Status: Species of Special Concern, Wildlife Action Plan Species in Greatest Need of Conservation.

State Rank Status: Vulnerable to extirpation or extinction.

Distribution: All confirmed Jefferson salamanders have been in southwest NH, near the CT River.

Description: A large (4-7 inch), slender salamander with a gray or brownish body and varying amounts of bluish flecks along the sides. The tail is almost as long as the body.

Commonly Confused Species: Blue-spotted salamander, blue-spotted/Jefferson complex.

Habitat: Shady deciduous woodlands most often underground or under cover objects such as logs, stumps, and leaf litter. May be found in steep rocky areas.

Life History: Breeds in vernal pools attaching small masses of eggs to submerged twigs or vegetation. Hibernates underground or within rotting logs.

Conservation Threats: Local populations may be affected by habitat loss, logging operations, road mortality during the breeding season. Forms hybrids with blue-spotted salamanders. Pure diploid (two sets of chromosomes) Jefferson salamanders are extremely rare in New Hampshire. Most individuals or populations are either blue-spotted salamanders or blue-spotted/ Jefferson salamander hybrids.

Wildlife Action Plan Species Profile

Distribution Map