American Toad

Anaxyrus americana

American toadNH Conservation Status: Not listed

State Rank Status: Widespread and secure

Distribution: Throughout NH

Description: A small 2-3.5 inch toad that may appear brown, olive, reddish, or gray. Have 1-2 large warts in each dark spot on the body. Chest usually spotted with dark pigment; enlarged warts on tibia; parotoid gland either separated from ridge behind eye or connected with it by a spur.

Commonly Confused Species: Fowler’s toad has 3 or more warts in each dark spot. Fowler’s toads and American toads may hybridize making identification problematic.

Habitat: Considered habitat generalists as they are found in forested and open areas, uplands, wetlands, and suburban backyards.

Life History: Eggs are laid by the thousands in long strings among aquatic vegetation in shallow water. Hibernates terrestrially underground.

Voice: A long, musical trill.

Conservation Threats: Species is secure

Distribution Map